“Optimism among individual investors about the short-term direction of the stock market rebounded, rising above its historical average.”
The AAII Investor Sentiment Survey is a widely followed measure of the mood of individual investors. The weekly survey results are published in financial publications including Barron’s and Bloomberg and are widely followed by market strategists, investment newsletter writers, and other financial professionals.
It is my observation that investor sentiment is trend following.
Investor sentiment reaches an extreme after a price trend has made a big move. After the stock market reaches a new high, the media is talking about and writing about the new high, which helps to drive up optimism for higher highs.
When they get high, they believe they are going higher.
At the highest high they are at their high point — euphoria.
No, I’m not talking about cannabis stocks, I’m just talking about the stock market. Cannabis stocks are a whole different kind of high and sentiment.
A few years ago, I would have never dreamed of making a joke of cannabis stocks or writing the word marijuana on a public website. Who had ever thought there would be such a thing? But here I am, laughing out loud (without any help from cannabis).
Back to investor sentiment…
Excessive investor sentiment is trend following – it just follows the price trend.
Investor sentiment can also be a useful contrarian indicator to signal a trend is near its end. As such, it can be helpful to investors who tend to experience emotions after big price moves up or down.
- Investor sentiment can be a reminder to check yourself before you wreck yourself.
- Investor sentiment can be a reminder to a portfolio manager like myself to be sure our risk levels are where we want them to be.
Although… rising investor optimism in its early stages can be a driver of future price gains.
Falling optimism and rising pessimism can drive prices down.
So, I believe investor sentiment is both a driver of price trends, but their measures like investor sentiment polls are trend following.
For example, below I charted the S&P 500 stock index along with bullish investor sentiment. We can see the recent spike up to 43% optimistic investors naturally followed the recent rise in the stock price trend.
However, in January we observed something interesting. Investor sentiment increased sharply above its historical average in December and peaked as the stock market continued to trend up.
Afterward, the stock market dropped sharply and quickly, down around -12% very fast.
Maybe the investor sentiment survey indicated those who wanted to buy stocks had already bought, so there wasn’t a lot of capital left for new buying demand to keep the price momentum going.
The S&P 500 is still about -2.4% from it’s January high, so this has been a non-trending range-bound stock market trend for index investors in 2018. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was last years more gaining index and it is still -6% from its high.
The stock index will need some buying enthusiasm to reach its prior high. We’ll see if the recent increase in optimism above its historical average is enough to drive stocks to new highs, or if it’s a signal of exhaustion.
Only time will tell…
I determine my asymmetric risk/reward by focusing on the individual risk/reward in each of my positions and exposure across the portolio. For me, it’s always been about the individual positions and what they are doing.
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The observations shared in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. Investing involves risk including the potential loss of principal an investor must be willing to bear. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.